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J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Aug 25;58(16):9033-42. doi: 10.1021/jf102552b. Epub 2010 Jul 27.

High molecular weight persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) proanthocyanidin: a highly galloylated, A-linked tannin with an unusual flavonol terminal unit, myricetin.

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College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China 430070.


MALDI-TOF MS suggested that the high molecular weight proanthocyanidin (condensed tannin) from persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) pulp comprised a heteropolyflavanol series with flavan-3-O-galloylated extenders, flavan-3-ol and flavonol terminal units, and A-type interflavan linkages. Thiolysis-HPLC-ESI-MS with DAD, electrochemical, and ESI-MS detection confirmed a previously unreported terminal unit, the flavonol myricetin, in addition to the typical flavan-3-ols catechin and epigallocatechin gallate. The extender units were epicatechin, epigallocatechin, (epi)gallocatechin-3-O-gallate, and (epi)catechin-3-O-gallate. The crude tannin had a high prodelphinidin content (65%) and a high degree of 3-O-galloylation (72%). The material was fractionated on Toyopearl TSK-HW-50-F to yield fractions distinguished by degree of polymerization (DP). Thiolysis suggested that the persimmon tannin was composed of polymers ranging from 7 to 20 kDa (DP 19-47), but sizes estimated by GPC were 50-70% smaller. The crude material was chemically degraded with acid to yield products that were amenable to NMR and ESI-MS analysis, which were used to establish for the first time that persimmon tannin has a mixture of B-type and A-type linkages.

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