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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2013;141(1):64-9. doi: 10.1159/000350870. Epub 2013 May 4.

Another family with a euchromatic duplication variant of 9q13-q21.1 derived from segmentally duplicated pericentromeric euchromatin.

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Department of Human Genetics and Genomic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.


Microscopically visible copy number variations within the proximal short arm heterochromatin and proximal long arm of chromosome 9 have been described as euchromatic variants (EVs) and are derived from extensive segmental duplications (SDs) that map to both the proximal short and long arms of chromosome 9. Recently, 3-4 additional copies of an SD cassette were found in 2 families with duplication EVs of 9q13-q21. Here, we report a third family with a duplication EV of 9q13-q21.1 that was ascertained at prenatal diagnosis for advanced maternal age and found in the fetus and her phenotypically normal mother. Dual-colour fluorescence in situ hybridization with bacterial artificial chromosomes RP11-246P17 and RP11-211E19 was consistent with the EV chromosome having 1-2 additional copies of a similar SD cassette, except that the SD-boundary clone RP11-88I18 was not apparently included. It is important to distinguish the 9q13-q21.1 EVs from possible pathogenic imbalances of chromosome 9, especially at prenatal diagnosis, as these EVs have no established phenotypic or reproductive consequences. The nature of the G-dark bands in 9q13-q21 EVs is briefly discussed.

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