Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nano Lett. 2013 Jun 12;13(6):2989-92. doi: 10.1021/nl401615t. Epub 2013 May 6.

A fully integrated nanosystem of semiconductor nanowires for direct solar water splitting.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.

Abstract

Artificial photosynthesis, the biomimetic approach to converting sunlight's energy directly into chemical fuels, aims to imitate nature by using an integrated system of nanostructures, each of which plays a specific role in the sunlight-to-fuel conversion process. Here we describe a fully integrated system of nanoscale photoelectrodes assembled from inorganic nanowires for direct solar water splitting. Similar to the photosynthetic system in a chloroplast, the artificial photosynthetic system comprises two semiconductor light absorbers with large surface area, an interfacial layer for charge transport, and spatially separated cocatalysts to facilitate the water reduction and oxidation. Under simulated sunlight, a 0.12% solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency is achieved, which is comparable to that of natural photosynthesis. The result demonstrates the possibility of integrating material components into a functional system that mimics the nanoscopic integration in chloroplasts. It also provides a conceptual blueprint of modular design that allows incorporation of newly discovered components for improved performance.

PMID:
23647159
DOI:
10.1021/nl401615t

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center