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Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2013;68(3):401-9.

Current strategies for preventing renal dysfunction in patients with heart failure: a heart failure stage approach.

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1
Institute do Coração, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. victor.issa@incor.usp.br

Abstract

Renal dysfunction is common during episodes of acute decompensated heart failure, and historical data indicate that the mean creatinine level at admission has risen in recent decades. Different mechanisms underlying this change over time have been proposed, such as demographic changes, hemodynamic and neurohumoral derangements and medical interventions. In this setting, various strategies have been proposed for the prevention of renal dysfunction with heterogeneous results. In the present article, we review and discuss the main aspects of renal dysfunction prevention according to the different stages of heart failure.

PMID:
23644863
PMCID:
PMC3611749
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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