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South Med J. 2013 May;106(5):298-302. doi: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e318290c6be.

Risk stratification for the development of post-ERCP pancreatitis by sphincter of Oddi dysfunction classification.

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Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Departments of Internal Medicine and Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.



To explore whether there is a difference in the frequency of postendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis in patients with manometrically confirmed sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) types I, II, and III.


A retrospective review of all of the patients who underwent an ERCP with SOD type I or patients with manometrically confirmed SOD type II or type III (mean basal sphincter pressure ≥ 40 mm Hg) from 2006 to 2010 was performed. The primary outcome measure was development of post-ERCP acute pancreatitis in each of the SOD groups. Factors associated with acute pancreatitis in each group were examined by univariate analysis.


We identified 147 patients with SOD. Biliary sphincterotomy was performed in all of the patients, and pancreatic sphincterotomy was performed in 68 of the 147 (46%). All of the patients underwent stenting of the pancreatic duct. Post-ERCP pancreatitis occurred in 23% of the study cohort. Patients with SOD type III had a higher frequency of post-ERCP pancreatitis compared with the SOD type I and type II groups (31% vs 20% vs 6%, respectively; P = 0.024). Those with SOD type III had a greater frequency of post-ERCP pancreatitis (odds ratio 6.7; P = 0.05) compared with those with SOD type I. Patients with SOD type III had a two times greater frequency of developing post-ECRP pancreatitis compared with those with SOD type II.


SOD type III is strongly associated with the development of post-ERCP pancreatitis compared with SOD type I.

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