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Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2013 Apr;33(4):533-7.

[Relationship between adipose expression of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 and glycometabolism in a mouse model of hyperhomocysteinemia].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of General Surgery, Kunming Yanan Hospital, China. lrh272@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the effect of homcysteine on the expression of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) in the adipose tissue and explore whether PDK1 inhibits p-Akt(Thr-308) expression and affect PI3K/Akt signal pathway to decrease glucose uptake and utilization.

METHODS:

Forty mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10), namely the fasting control group, feeding control group, fasting hyperhomocysteinemia group, and feeding hyperhomocysteinemia group. In the two hyperhomocysteinemia groups, the mice were given water containing 1.5% methionine to induce hyperhomocysteinemia. Blood glucose and insulin levels in each group were determined, and the expressions of PDK1 and Akt mRNA in the adipose tissue were detected using RT-PCR; the expressions of PDK1, p-Akt(Thr-308) and Akt proteins were detected using Western blotting.

RESULTS:

In the fasting and feeding hyperhomocysteinemia groups, blood glucose and insulin levels were significantly higher than those in the two control groups. The expressions of PDK1 mRNA and PDK1 and p-Akt(Thr-308) proteins were reduced in the two hyperhomocysteinemia groups, but Akt mRNA and protein expressions were comparable with those in the control groups.

CONCLUSION:

Homocysteine lowers the uptake and utilization of glucose by down-regulating PDK1 expression and affecting PI3K/Akt signal pathway to cause disturbance of glucose metabolism.

PMID:
23644114
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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