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Biomaterials. 2013 Jul;34(23):5737-46. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.03.067. Epub 2013 May 2.

The stability of BMP loaded polyelectrolyte multilayer coatings on titanium.

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1
UMR 5628 (LMGP), Grenoble Institute of Technology and CNRS, 3 Parvis Louis Néel, F-38016 Grenoble Cedex, France.

Abstract

Immobilization of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) onto material surfaces is a promising, but still challenging, strategy for achieving dependable and consistent osseointegration of long-term metal implants. In the present study, we have developed an osteoinductive coating of a porous titanium implant using biomimetic polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) films loaded with BMP-2. The amount of BMP-2 loaded in these films was tuned - over a large range - depending on the cross-linking extent of the film and of the BMP-2 initial concentration. The air-dried PEM films were stable for at least one year of storage at 4 °C. In addition, they resisted exposure to γ-irradiation at clinically approved doses. The preservation of the growth factor bioactivity upon long-term storage and sterilization were evaluated both in vitro (using C2C12 cells) and in vivo (in a rat ectopic model) for the perspective of industrial and clinical development. BMP-2 loaded in dried PEM films exhibited shelf-life stability over one year. However, their bioactivity in vitro decreased from 50 to 80% after irradiation depending on the γ-irradiation dose. Remarkably, the in vivo studies showed that the osteoinductive potential of BMP-2 contained in PEM-coated Ti implants was fully preserved after air-drying of the implants and sterilization at 25 kGy. Film drying or irradiation did not affect the amount of new bone tissue formation. This "off-the-shelf" novel technology of functionalized implants opens promising applications in prosthetic and tissue engineering fields.

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