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J Oral Implantol. 2015 Apr;41(2):139-43. doi: 10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-12-00245. Epub 2013 May 3.

The effect of a positioning index on the biomechanical stability of tapered implant-abutment connections.

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1
1  Private practice, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

The biomechanical stability of the implant-abutment connection is critical for the success of implant-supported restorations. This study investigated the effect of a positioning index on the abutment screw preload values of tapered connection implants. Twenty Morse taper implants presenting an internal locking hex received 10 solid and 10 straight screw retained abutments for cemented single-crown restorations. Ten abutments had a positioning index to fit the internal locking hex of the implant (straight), and 10 were locked only by the implant taper (solid). The preload values for each abutment screw after a tightening torque were registered by strain gauges. Prosthetic crowns were placed on each abutment and subjected to mechanical cycling. Detorque forces were applied to each abutment and compared with the initial torque values. Data were statistically analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Student t tests. The nonindexed group presented higher initial preload (6.05 N ± 0.95 N) compared with the indexed group (4.88 N ± 0.92 N; P < .05). After cycling, the nonindexed group exhibited less reduction of preload (13.84% ± 6.43%) compared with the indexed group (52.65% ± 14.81%; P < .01). Indexed tapered abutments for single-crown restorations might represent greater biomechanical risk under function.

KEYWORDS:

Morse taper; dental implants; mechanical cycling; positioning index; preload

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