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Health Promot Pract. 2013 Sep;14(5 Suppl):61S-9S. doi: 10.1177/1524839913482923. Epub 2013 May 2.

Cigarette smoking among Asian American and Pacific Islander college students: implications for college health promotion.

Author information

1
Department of Kinesiology, California State University, San Marcos, CA 92096, USA. dromero@csusm.edu

Abstract

Asian Americans (AA) and Pacific Islanders (PI) are an understudied population for health and tobacco use, which is alarming for a fast growing U.S.

POPULATION:

Research in smoking among AA and PI college students is limited, despite 50% of AA and 20% of PI having obtained a college degree. A cross-sectional tobacco survey was administered in a large racially diverse Southern California university (N = 490) that examined smoking behavior, psychosocial, and perceptual factors related to smoking among AA and PI compared with Caucasians. Overall, 19% of participants were smokers. The prevalence of current smoking by race was 26% PI, 19% AA, and 17% Caucasian. AA and PI are light, infrequent smokers who smoke mainly for social reasons and in social locations. Most AA and PI made quit attempts and reported intention to quit smoking. Low to moderate risk perceptions for addiction, disease and difficulty in quitting were observed. Social norms center on family influences, therefore it is recommended that cessation approaches target cigarette smoking norms within this social environment to increase perceptual risks of smoking. Smoking cessation should be placed in college health outreach programs based on culturally tailored approaches for AA and PI that target their unique smoking characteristics.

KEYWORDS:

Asian; Pacific Islander; college; smoking

PMID:
23640162
DOI:
10.1177/1524839913482923
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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