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Int J Surg. 2013;11(6):442-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2013.04.010. Epub 2013 Apr 29.

Comparison of short-term outcomes after elective surgery following endoscopic stent insertion and emergency surgery for obstructive colorectal cancer.

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1
Department of Surgery, Gachon University, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to compare short-term morbidities and mortalities of elective surgery after stent insertion and emergency surgery in obstructive colorectal cancer.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients with obstructive colorectal cancer that underwent elective surgery after stenting (stent group: SG, n = 49) or emergent surgery (emergency group: EG, n = 28) from January 2000 to July 2010.

RESULTS:

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of SG was lower than that of EG (p = 0.015). The percentages of open and laparoscopic surgery in SG were 73.5% (36/49) and 26.5% (13/49), respectively, whereas surgery in EG was performed using an open technique (p = 0.003). The rate of primary anastomosis, without constructing a stoma, was 87.8% in SG and 42.9% in EG (p < 0.001). There was no difference in a postoperative complication. Anastomotic leakage according to time between stent placement and surgery in SG were 3 cases for 1-9 days and 0 for more than 10 days (p = 0.037). Three-year overall survival rates were 68.8% and 51.3% (p = 0.430), respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Preoperative stent insertion in obstructive colorectal cancer seems to be safe and feasible, and may decrease second stage procedure. Waiting 10 days after stent placement may be a more optimal time for surgical intervention. Further prospective randomized studies are needed to determine the proper time bridge to surgery following stent insertion in obstructive colorectal cancer.

PMID:
23639803
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijsu.2013.04.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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