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Int J Ophthalmol. 2013 Apr 18;6(2):216-20. doi: 10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2013.02.21. Print 2013.

Secondary glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the incidence and risk factors of secondary glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery.

METHODS:

Two hundred and forty nine eyes of 148 patients underwent cataract surgery without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation (group 1), and 220 eyes of 129 patients underwent cataract surgery with IOL implantation (group 2) retrospectively, were evaluated between 2000 and 2011. The outcome measure was the presence or absence of post-cataract surgery glaucoma, defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥26mmHg, as measured on at least two occasions along with corneal or optic nerve changes.

RESULTS:

The mean follow-up periods of group 1 and 2 were (60.86±30.95) months (12-123 months) and (62.11±31.29) months (14-115 months) respectively. In group 1, 12 eyes of 8 patients (4.8%) developed glaucoma. None of the patients developed glaucoma after surgery in group 2. The mean age of the patients at the cataract surgery was (2.58±0.90) months (1 month-4 months) and the average period for glaucoma development after surgery was (9.50±4.33) months (4-16 months) in group 1. Three of the 12 glaucomatous eyes were controlled with antiglaucomatous medication and 9 eyes underwent trabeculectomy+mitomycin C surgery. One patient underwent a second trabeculectomy + mitomycin C operation for both of his eyes.

CONCLUSION:

The incidence of glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery is very low in patients in whom IOL is implanted. The aphakic eyes after pediatric cataract surgery are at an increased risk for glaucoma development particularly if they underwent surgery before 4 months of age.

KEYWORDS:

intraocular lens implantation; pediatric cataract; secondary glaucoma

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