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Biochem J. 1990 Jun 15;268(3):571-8.

Structural analysis of sulphated glycoprotein 2 from amino acid sequence. Relationship to clusterin and serum protein 40,40.

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Biochemistry/Biophysics Program, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-4660.


Sulphated glycoprotein 2 (SGP-2) is the major secreted protein product of rat Sertoli cells; likewise, clusterin is a major constituent of ram rete testis fluid. Isolation and sequencing of the intact subunits and peptides derived from clusterin show that it is the ram homologue of rat SGP-2. Human serum protein 40,40 (SP-40,40), a component of the SC5b-9 complex of complement, has recently been reported to be the human homologue of rat SGP-2. Analysis of the amino acid sequences of rat SGP-2 and human SP-40,40 show that both of these proteins have a significant relationship to the heavy chain of myosin. The regions of highest sequence similarity correspond to the major amphipathic domains in SGP-2/SP-40,40 and the long alpha-helical-tail domain of myosin, which forms a rod-like structure. SGP-2 has anomalous sedimentation behaviour which indicates that it probably exists in an extended conformation. A putative dinucleotide-binding structure has been identified in the longest stretch of identity between SGP-2 and SP-40,40. Elucidation of these features of SGP-2 and SP-40,40 may help to direct future studies into the role of these proteins in the reproductive and complement systems.

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