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J Alzheimers Dis. 2013;36(3):421-31. doi: 10.3233/JAD-122440.

A combination of neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and cerebrospinal fluid markers predicts conversion from mild cognitive impairment to dementia.

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1
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Wallinsgatan 6, Mölndal, Sweden. carl.eckerstrom@neuro.gu.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a condition with increased risk for further cognitive decline. A considerable challenge lies in predicting which patients will eventually convert to dementia.

OBJECTIVE:

To study prediction of dementia in MCI using neuropsychological tests, commonly used cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, and hippocampal volume.

METHODS:

Twenty-one MCI patients converting to dementia, 21 stable MCI patients, and 26 controls were included in the study with a follow-up time of two years. The study participants underwent comprehensive examinations at inclusion: a neuropsychological assessment comprising 20 tests, MRI scanning with subsequent hippocampal volumetry, and CSF analyses of T-tau, P-tau, and Aβ42.

RESULTS:

Neuropsychological tests, hippocampal volume, and the CSF markers Aβ42, P-tau, and T-tau all predicted conversion from MCI to dementia. A combination of all classes of markers was the most successful at predicting dementia (AUC 0.96) with a memory test (RAVLT) as the best individual predictor (AUC 0.93). Similar findings are reported for the prediction of Alzheimer's disease.

CONCLUSION:

Neuropsychological tests were the best individual predictors of dementia. A combination of markers improved the predictive ability with the combination of neuropsychological tests, CSF, and hippocampal volume as the best predictors of dementia.

PMID:
23635408
DOI:
10.3233/JAD-122440
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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