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Transfusion. 2013 Nov;53(11 Suppl 2):2945-53. doi: 10.1111/trf.12230. Epub 2013 May 1.

RHD variants in Polish blood donors routinely typed as D-.

Author information

1
Department of Immunohematology and Immunology of Transfusion Medicine, Institute of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Warsaw, Poland; Regional Blood Transfusion Centers in Warsaw, Kraków, Gdańsk, Racibórz, Kalisz, Kielce, Radom, Poland; Red Cross Transfusion Centre of Upper Austria, Linz, Austria; Department of Transfusion Medicine, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Blood donors exhibiting a weak D or DEL phenotypical expression may be mistyped D- by standard serology hence permitting incompatible transfusion to D- recipients. Molecular methods may overcome these technical limits. Our aim was to estimate the frequency of RHD alleles among the apparently D- Polish donor population and to characterize its molecular background.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Plasma pools collected from 31,200 consecutive Polish donors typed as D- were tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the presence of RHD-specific markers located in Intron 4 and Exons 7 and 10. RHD+ individuals were characterized by PCR or cDNA sequencing and serology.

RESULTS:

Plasma cross-pool strategy revealed 63 RHD+ donors harboring RHD*01N.03 (n = 17), RHD*15 (n = 12), RHD*11 (n = 7), RHD*DEL8 (n = 3), RHD*01W.2 (n = 3), RHD-CE(10) (n = 3), RHD*01W.3, RHD*01W.9, RHD*01N.05, RHD*01N.07, RHD*01N.23, and RHD(IVS1-29G>C) and two novel alleles, RHD*(767C>G) (n = 3) and RHD*(1029C>A). Among 47 cases available for serology, 27 were shown to express the D antigen

CONCLUSION:

1) Plasma cross-pool strategy is a reliable and cost-effective tool for RHD screening. 2) Only 0.2% of D- Polish donors carry some fragments of the RHD gene; all of them were C or E+. 3) Almost 60% of the detected RHD alleles may be potentially immunogenic when transfused to a D- recipient.

PMID:
23634715
PMCID:
PMC5497842
DOI:
10.1111/trf.12230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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