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J Clin Diagn Res. 2013 Mar;7(3):499-502. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2013/5341.2851. Epub 2013 Mar 1.

Distribution of glaucoma in the major religious communities of a north Indian town: a hospital survey.

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1
Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College & Research Center .

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in India and the numbers of the patients are increasing every day. The prevalence of glaucoma depends upon various factors like racial and ethnic factors, the socioeconomic status, etc.

AIM:

To study the pattern of glaucoma distribution among the patients in a tertiary care hospital.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A retrospective analysis of 1500 glaucoma patients was done, who presented between 2007 and 2012 in TMMC and RC, Moradabad, U.P, India. The age and the gender distribution of glaucoma was studied along with its subtypes in different religious groups (mainly among Hindus and Muslims).

RESULTS:

The mean age of the glaucoma patients was 52.7 years. Glaucoma was diagnosed in 882(58.8%) Muslim and in 561(37.4%) Hindu patients. The prevalence of POAG (33.0%) was almost equal to that of PACG (32.7%). POAG was the most common type of glaucoma in males (16.8%), while PACG was very common among females (18.8%). In Hindu patients, POAG (40.8%) was the commonest form of glaucoma, while in Muslims, PACG (40.1%) was the highest form of glaucoma.

CONCLUSION:

Glaucoma is a major ocular disease which is prevalent in the Muslim population of the western Uttar Pradesh region.

KEYWORDS:

Prevalence; Primary angle closure glaucoma; Primary open angle glaucoma

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