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Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2013 Jan;3(1):90-5. doi: 10.4103/2141-9248.109458.

Premature menopause.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria ; Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Awka, Nigeria.

Abstract

Premature menopause affects 1% of women under the age of 40 years. The women are at risk of premature death, neurological diseases, psychosexual dysfunction, mood disorders, osteoporosis, ischemic heart disease and infertility. There is need to use simplified protocols and improved techniques in oocyte donation to achieve pregnancy and mother a baby in those women at risk. Review of the pertinent literature on premature menopause, selected references, internet services using the PubMed and Medline databases were included in this review. In the past, pregnancy in women with premature menopause was rare but with recent advancement in oocyte donation, women with premature menopause now have hoped to mother a child. Hormone replacement therapy is beneficial to adverse consequences of premature menopause. Women with premature menopause are at risk of premature death, neurological diseases, psychosexual dysfunction, mood disorders, osteoporosis, ischemic heart disease and infertility. Public enlightenment and education is important tool to save those at risk.

KEYWORDS:

Bilateral oophorectomy; Induced menopause; Oestrogen; Ovarian failure; Premature menopause; Spontaneous menopause

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