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Paediatr Child Health. 2012 May;17(5):235-9.

Transfusion-related acute lung injury in the Canadian paediatric population.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal;

Abstract

in English, French

BACKGROUND:

The incidence of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) in adults is approximately one per 5000 transfusions. The Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program undertook the present study to determine the incidence of TRALI in the paediatric population and to describe the characteristics and outcomes of children with TRALI.

METHODS:

The present surveillance study was conducted over a three-year period.

RESULTS:

Four TRALI cases were reported, yielding an incidence rate of 1.8 per 100,000 transfusions. The degree of severity varied: in two patients, only supplemental oxygen was necessary, while the other two required mechanical ventilation.

CONCLUSION:

TRALI was reported much less often in the present study compared with adult studies; therefore, it needs to be determined whether TRALI occurs less frequently in children, or alternatively, whether TRALI is recognized less often in children. The possibility that neonates who undergo cardiac surgery are at greater risk of TRALI than other patients should be addressed in future studies.

KEYWORDS:

Acute lung injury; Blood transfusion; Child; Paediatrics; TRALI

PMID:
23633895
PMCID:
PMC3381913
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