Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Res. 2013 Jun 15;73(12):3604-14. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-12-4563. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

BMP-6 in renal cell carcinoma promotes tumor proliferation through IL-10-dependent M2 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages.

Author information

Section of Urologic Oncology, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey and Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA.


Dysregulated bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) may contribute to the development and progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Herein, we report that BMP-6 promotes the growth of RCC by interleukin (IL)-10-mediated M2 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM). BMP-6-mediated IL-10 expression in macrophages required Smad5 and STAT3. In human RCC specimens, the three-marker signature BMP-6/IL-10/CD68 was associated with a poor prognosis. Furthermore, patients with elevated IL-10 serum levels had worse outcome after surgery. Together, our results suggest that BMP-6/macrophage/IL-10 regulates M2 polarization of TAMs in RCC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center