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Rheumatol Int. 2014 May;34(5):699-703. doi: 10.1007/s00296-013-2768-2. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

Association of Pro12Ala (rs1801282) variant of PPAR gamma with rheumatoid arthritis in a Pakistani population.

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Atta-Ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences (ASAB), National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan,


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) belongs to a receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors, encoded by PPARG gene. Role of PPARγ has been well established in variety of metabolic disorders and in regulation of inflammation. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the association of PPARG (Pro12Ala; rs1801282) in clinically definite Pakistani Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients and matching controls. The genotypes of the Pro12Ala variant in the PPARG were determined in a sample of 300 Pakistanis, including 150 RA cases and 150 controls. The genotyping was performed using Amplification Refractory Mutation System-Polymerase Chain Reaction (ARMS-PCR) method, and the data was analyzed through Graphpad Prism 5 V software. Allele-specific primer set (two forward: PPARG-F1, PPARG-F2 and a common reverse primer: PPARG-R) was used for amplification, and the product was resolved on 2 % agarose gel. The CC (ProPro) genotype has higher frequency in controls than RA cases [75 (50.0 %) vs. 51 (34.0 %)], whereas the CG (ProAla) genotype has relatively same frequencies in both cases and controls [72 (48.0 %) vs. 70 (46.6 %)]. However, significantly higher frequency of GG (AlaAla) genotype was observed in cases [27 (18.0 %) vs. 5 (3.3 %); χ2 18.54; p < 0.0001]. Furthermore, the minor allele G has significantly higher allele frequency in cases having same trend and direction of association (OR 1.991(1.412-2.808); p < 0.0001). These observations suggest that Pro12Ala (rs1801282), a coding variant in the PPARG gene, is associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis in Pakistanis.

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