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J Gen Physiol. 2013 May;141(5):585-600. doi: 10.1085/jgp.201210861.

TMEM16F (Anoctamin 6), an anion channel of delayed Ca(2+) activation.

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Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.


Members of the TMEM16 (Anoctamin) family of membrane proteins have been shown to be essential constituents of the Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CaCC) in many cell types. In this study, we have investigated the electrophysiological properties of mouse TMEM16F. Heterologous expression of TMEM16F in HEK293 cells resulted in plasma membrane localization and an outwardly rectifying ICl,Ca that was activated with a delay of several minutes. Furthermore, a significant Na(+) current was activated, and the two permeabilities were correlated according to PNa = 0.3 PCl. The current showed an EC50 of 100 µM intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration and an Eisenman type 1 anion selectivity sequence of PSCN > PI > PBr > PCl > PAsp. The mTMEM16F-associated ICl,Ca was abolished in one mutant of the putative pore region (R592E) but retained in two other mutants (K616E and R636E). The mutant K616E had a lower relative permeability to iodide, and the mutant R636E had an altered anion selectivity sequence (PSCN = PI = PBr = PCl > PAsp). Our data provide evidence that TMEM16F constitutes a Ca(2+)-activated anion channel or a pore-forming subunit of an anion channel with properties distinct from TMEM16A.

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