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Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jun;25(6):659-64. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0b013e32835d83d9.

Recurrent severe alcoholic hepatitis: clinical characteristics and outcomes.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, UK.

Erratum in

  • Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Feb;26(2):253.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Despite high recidivism rates in those treated for alcoholism, recurrent episodes of severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH) have not been described. Our aim was to assess the clinical characteristics and outcomes in recurrent SAH.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A retrospective review of patient records was carried out. Recurrent SAH was defined as two or more discrete episodes of SAH (discriminant function≥32) coinciding with recidivism in the same patient, with documented improvement/resolution of jaundice during intervening periods of abstinence.

RESULTS:

Of 56 patients with recidivism following index presentation with SAH, 10 (17.9%) developed recurrent SAH. We report on 17 episodes in seven patients with complete data. The mean age and duration of alcohol use were 47.9±7.4 and 16.1±5.2 years, respectively. Compared with those without recurrence, the cohort with recurrent SAH were more likely to be women (57.1 vs. 34.8%, P=0.405), had higher alcohol consumption during relapse (16.0±15.3 vs. 11.3±8.1 U/day, P=0.591) and a recidivism pattern of alcohol relapse after initial abstinence rather than continuous alcohol use. Recurrent episodes were more severe compared with the index one (discriminant function 70.4±27.9 vs. 50.5±10.9; MELD score 26.2±3.7 vs. 22.1±1.5, P<0.05), the overall mortality being 57.1%. Treatment responses to corticosteroids were consistent in 66.7% of patients.

CONCLUSION:

Approximately 18% of patients, especially women, develop recurrent SAH because of recidivism, with increasing disease severity and mortality approaching 60%. Our data underscore the urgent need to develop strategies to prevent recidivism following index presentation with SAH.

PMID:
23628964
DOI:
10.1097/MEG.0b013e32835d83d9
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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