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Nucleic Acids Res. 1990 Jun 25;18(12):3459-66.

Amplification of plant U3 and U6 snRNA gene sequences using primers specific for an upstream promoter element and conserved intragenic regions.

Author information

1
Friedrich Miescher-Institut, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

U-snRNA genes in higher plants contain two essential promoter elements, the USE with sequence RTCCCACATCG and the TATA-like box, positioned in the -70 and -30 regions, respectively. Using an oligodeoxynucleotide containing the USE motif and oligodeoxynucleotides specific for the intragenic regions conserved in U-snRNAs, several sequences encoding U6 and U3 snRNAs were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of Arabidopsis thaliana and tobacco genomic DNAs. This method provides a simple and rapid procedure for characterisation of plant U-snRNA genes and their promoters. It could also be used for the characterisation of other genes containing conserved upstream promoter elements. PCR-derived fragments were used as probes for the isolation of the U3 snRNA genes from a genomic library of Arabidopsis. Two isolated U3 genes were shown to be active when transfected into protoplasts of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. Both U3 genes contain the USE and TATA-like upstream elements located in similar positions to the U6 genes of Arabidopsis. The encoded Arabidopsis U3 snRNAs can be folded into a secondary structure which is more similar to that of U3 RNAs from lower eukaryotes rather than from metazoa.

PMID:
2362803
PMCID:
PMC330997
DOI:
10.1093/nar/18.12.3459
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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