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Acta Odontol Scand. 2013 Nov;71(6):1579-87. doi: 10.3109/00016357.2013.777115. Epub 2013 Apr 29.

Early root surface colonization by human periodontal ligament fibroblasts following treatment with different biomaterials.

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Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology.



The present in-vitro study examined the effects of different biomaterials on early root surface colonization by human periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts using confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy (CLSM).


Fifteen periodontally-diseased teeth were extracted, treated with scaling/root planing and longitudinally cut to obtain 30 root fragments. Fragments were treated either with 24% EDTA following application of enamel matrix derivative (EMD), 24% EDTA or EMD only, nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (NHA) paste or oily calcium hydroxide suspension (OCHS) for 1 h each. The analogue untreated root specimens served as controls. Root fragments were incubated with human PDL fibroblasts and cellular proliferation and morphology were evaluated after 1, 3, 5 and 8 days using CLSM-visualization and image recognition software.


The rate of cellular proliferation was different among treatment modalities examined (p = 0.019). Except treatment with NHA paste all treatment modalities improved cellular proliferation on root surfaces at all different points of time compared with the control specimens. A significant difference between treatment modalities was observed between EMD and NHA paste (p = 0.008). No synergistic effect could be demonstrated comparing root surface conditioning with 24% EDTA and EMD application compared to 24% EDTA or EMD application only.


The present results suggest that initial root surface colonization by PDL fibroblasts may be enhanced by root surface conditioning with 24% EDTA and application of EMD, application of 24% EDTA or EMD alone and OCHS. The addition of 24% EDTA for root surface conditioning prior to EMD application provided no synergistic effects in terms of early root surface colonization by PDL fibroblasts.

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