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J Biomed Nanotechnol. 2013 Jan;9(1):26-39.

Enhancement of human oral bioavailability and in vitro antitumor activity of rosuvastatin via spray dried self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system.

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Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt.


The purpose of this study was to develop spray dried self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) tablets of rosuvastatin using mannitol as a carrier. SNEDDS were prepared using Capryol 90, poloxamer 407 and Transcutol P or triacetin as oil, surfactant and cosurfactants, respectively. The prepared systems were characterized and their cytotoxicity was evaluated using Caco-2 cell lines. A comparative bioavailability study was performed in human volunteers relative to the conventional commercial product. Results showed better self-nanoemulsifying ability of systems containing triacetin compared to Transcutol P. SNEDDS formed uni-modal nanoemulsion droplet size distributions with droplet size less than 50 nm and polydispersity index values ranging from 0.127 to 0.275. The solubilizing capacity of rosuvastatin was affected by both surfactant and cosurfactant concentrations. Upon spray drying, systems prepared using Transcutol P tended to be soft and tacky and were sticking to the walls of the dryer. The redispersion of rosuvastatin from solid SNEDDS was very fast (100% within 5 minutes). Optimized SNEDDS prepared with triacetin were safe with no cytotoxic effect on Caco-2 cells. The anticancer effect of rosuvastatin was enhanced when incorporated in SNEDDS (IC50 value decreased from 4 to 3 microg/ml) due to the increase in penetration of SNEDDS inside the cells. The relative bioavailability for SNEDDS tablets compared to the commercial tablets was 167%. The effective solubilization, penetration and enhancement in bioavailability of SNEDDS tablets proves their potential as a safe, and effective drug delivery system for poorly-soluble drugs.

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