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Rheumatology (Sunnyvale). 2011 Oct 20;1(104). pii: 2169.

Role of TH-17 cells in rheumatic and other autoimmune diseases.

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1
Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Midwestern University, Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine, Downers Grove, IL 60515.

Abstract

In humans multiple pathways can induce TH-17 cell differentiation, whereas in mice this process is mostly modulated by IL-6 and TGF-β. IL-17 produced by TH-17 cells has been associated with a number of inflammatory autoimmune diseases including psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. In this review, we have primarily focused on the role of TH-17 cells/IL-17 in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and experimental arthritis. The potential role of TH-17 cells in rheumatoid arthritis progression has been demonstrated by correlating the percent TH-17 cells or levels of IL-17 with rheumatoid arthritis disease activity score and C-reactive protein levels. Further, previous studies suggest that IL-17 mediated vascularization may lay the foundation for rheumatoid arthritis joint neutrophil and monocyte recruitment as well as cartilage and bone destruction. The profound role of IL-17 in the pathogenesis of experimental arthritis may be due to its synergistic effect with TNF-α and IL-1β. Although the initial clinical trial employing anti-IL-17 antibody has been promising for rheumatoid arthritis, future studies in humans will shed more light on how anti-IL-17 therapy affects rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disease pathogenesis.

KEYWORDS:

IL-17; TH-17; angiogenesis; autoimmune diseases; experimental arthritis; inflammation; rheumatoid arthritis

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