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J Res Med Sci. 2012 Jun;17(6):540-2.

Mortality in esophageal atresia: Assessment of probable risk factors (10 years' experience).

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1
Al-Zahra Hospital, Medical University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Esophageal atresia (EA) is a common congenital anomaly. In this study, we evaluated the mortality and its risk factors in patients born with esophageal atresia.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

A database of 206 consecutive patients treated for EA was developed in ST-Zahra hospital of Isfahan between 1994 and 2004.

RESULTS:

In this study, 206 patients were evaluated. The most common type of EA was type C (86.4%). Mortality rate was 56%; it was more common in patients with congenital malformation, in late operation and in low birth weight and premature babies. Sepsis was the most common cause of death.

CONCLUSIONS:

For improvement of EA survival, we should improve operation techniques, supportive care, and ICU management. It is also important to operate these patients as soon as possible.

KEYWORDS:

Esophageal atresia; morbidity; mortality

PMID:
23626630
PMCID:
PMC3634291
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