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Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2013 Jan;6(1):52-8. doi: 10.4103/0974-2069.107235.

Pathology of Takayasu arteritis: A brief review.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, (Cardiovascular and Thoracic Division), Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic idiopathic and granulomatous vasculitis, manifesting mainly as a panaortitis. Autoimmune cell-mediated immunity is probably responsible for the disease. The inflammation commences from the adventitia and progresses to the intima and leads to, both in adults and children, segmental stenosis, occlusion, dilatation, and/or aneurysm formation. This review focuses briefly on the etiopathogenesis, and describes the pathological and clinical features in adults and children.

KEYWORDS:

Large vessel vasculiti; Takayasu arteritis; hypertension

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