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Gait Posture. 2013 Sep;38(4):1067-9. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.04.001. Epub 2013 Apr 25.

Foot loading patterns can be changed by deliberately walking with in-toeing or out-toeing gait modifications.

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Movement Analysis Lab, Institute for Experimental Musculoskeletal Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Germany. Electronic address:


The present study shows how foot loading patterns may be deliberately altered by either in-toeing or out-toeing gait during barefoot walking. The results indicate that in-toeing increasingly loads the lateral aspects of the midfoot and forefoot by as much as 61% and 49%, respectively, whereas out-toeing intensifies the load on the medial aspect, i.e. predominantly the medial midfoot and medial forefoot by as much as 72% and 52%. These findings are being discussed with respect to the potential benefits of consciously altering the gait pattern in order to off-load certain plantar regions.


Foot loading; Foot progression angle; In-toeing; Out-toeing; Pedobarography

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