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Eur Urol. 2013 Sep;64(3):412-8. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2013.04.013. Epub 2013 Apr 19.

Laparoendoscopic single-site nephrectomy compared with conventional laparoscopic nephrectomy: a 5-year, single-surgeon experience.

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1
Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Conventional laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) is the gold standard approach for nephrectomy. An advance in minimally invasive nephrectomy is laparoendoscopic single-site nephrectomy (LESS-N).

OBJECTIVE:

To compare 5-yr experience and outcomes of LESS-N to LN.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

Retrospective, case-control, single-surgeon series of 47 LESS-N cases matched in a 1:2 fashion by age, indication, and tumor size to 94 LN controls. LESS-N procedures were performed between August 2007 and February 2012 and LN procedures between December 1999 and 2009.

INTERVENTION:

LESS-N or LN.

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

Categorical variables were compared by χ(2) analysis, and continuous variables were compared using the Mann-Whitney test.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS:

There were significantly more female patients (66% vs 46%; p = 0.023) and a significantly lower median body mass index (24 kg/m(2) vs 28 kg/m(2); p < 0.001) in the LESS-N group compared with the LN group. Surgical indication was benign in 69 patients (23 LESS-N and 46 LN) and malignant in 72 patients (24 LESS-N and 48 LN). There were no significant differences for the LESS-N and LN groups, respectively, in mean operative time (149 min vs 150 min; p = 0.9), change in hematocrit (5.6% vs 4.8%; p = 0.661), change in creatinine (0.18 mg/dl vs 0.49 mg/dl; p = 0.18), analgesic use (morphine equivalents) (18.4 vs 17.5; p = 0.81), or intraoperative complication rates (6.4% vs 2.1%; p = 0.20). Length of stay was shorter (49 h vs 70 h; p = 0.017) and estimated blood loss was lower (56 ml vs 137 ml; p = 0.002) for the LESS-N group. Over a mean follow-up of 3 yr, postoperative complications (12.8% vs 7.4%; p = 0.30), disease-free survival (95.8% vs 87.5%; p = 0.384), and overall survival (91.7% vs 95.8%; p = 0.123) were not significantly different. The most significant limitation of this study is the retrospective design.

CONCLUSIONS:

This series demonstrates that LESS-N is safe and durable in properly selected patients; however, multi-institutional randomized trials are required to confirm benefits.

KEYWORDS:

Laparoendoscopic; Laparoscopic nephrectomy; Single port/incision

PMID:
23623478
DOI:
10.1016/j.eururo.2013.04.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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