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J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2013 Jun;26(6):649-56. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2013.03.007. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Right ventricular regional systolic function and dyssynchrony in patients with pulmonary hypertension evaluated by three-dimensional echocardiography.

Author information

1
Division of Echocardiography and the Division of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to evaluate right ventricular (RV) regional systolic function and dyssynchrony in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography.

METHODS:

Real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic images were acquired to obtain RV regional (inflow, body, and outflow) ejection fraction (EF) and time to minimum systolic volume in 70 patients with PH and 26 normal controls. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and pulmonary vascular resistance measured by echocardiography in all subjects and by right heart catheterization in 17 patients were recorded.

RESULTS:

Inflow EF and global EF were significantly lower in patients with PH than in controls (P < .05). Body EF was significantly decreased in patients with moderate (PASP, 50-69 mm Hg) and severe (PASP ≥ 70 mm Hg) PH (P < .05). Outflow EF was significantly lowered in patients with severe PH (P < .001). The standard deviation of regional time to minimum systolic volume corrected by heart rate was significantly prolonged in patients with severe PH (P < .05). Inflow EF and global EF were negatively correlated with PASP (r = -0.731 and r = -0.769, respectively, P < .001) and with pulmonary vascular resistance (r = -0.789 and r = -0.801, P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with PH, RV inflow and global systolic function was impaired in inverse relationship with PASP and pulmonary vascular resistance. RV systolic synchronicity was impaired in patients with severe PH. Evaluation of RV regional systolic function using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography may play a potential role in the noninvasive assessment of the severity of PH.

PMID:
23622884
DOI:
10.1016/j.echo.2013.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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