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J Med Chem. 1990 Jul;33(7):1888-91.

Synthesis of (3'R,5'S)-trans-3'-hydroxycotinine, a major metabolite of nicotine. Metabolic formation of 3'-hydroxycotinine in humans is highly stereoselective.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco.

Abstract

A method for the synthesis of (3'R,5'S-trans-3'-hydroxycotinine, a major metabolite of nicotine in humans, is described. The method involves deprotonation of (S)-cotinine with lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) followed by oxidation with the transition metal peroxide oxodiperoxymolybdenum(pyridine)(hexamethylphosphoric triamide) (MoOPH) to give an 80:20 mixture of trans-/cis-3'-hydroxycotinine. The pure (greater than 98%) trans isomer is obtained by conversion to the solid hexanoate ester, recrystallization, and cleavage of the ester by heating with n-butylamine. GC-MS analysis of urine extracts from several smokers indicated that in humans metabolic 3'-hydroxycotinine is 95-98% trans.

PMID:
2362266
DOI:
10.1021/jm00169a009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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