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Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2013 May-Jun;55(6):511-23. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2013.03.010. Epub 2013 Apr 11.

Depression and cardiovascular disease.

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1
UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA.

Abstract

Approximately one out of every five patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) suffers from major depressive disorder (MDD). Both MDD and depressive symptoms are risk factors for CVD incidence, severity and outcomes. Great progress has been made in understanding potential mediators between MDD and CVD, particularly focusing on health behaviors. Investigators have also made considerable strides in the diagnosis and treatment of depression among patients with CVD. At the same time, many research questions remain. In what settings is depression screening most effective for patients with CVD? What is the optimal screening frequency? Which therapies are safe and effective? How can we better integrate the care of mental health conditions with that of CVD? How do we motivate depressed patients to change health behaviors? What technological tools can we use to improve care for depression? Gaining a more thorough understanding of the links between MDD and heart disease, and how best to diagnose and treat depression among these patients, has the potential to substantially reduce morbidity and mortality from CVD.

PMID:
23621961
DOI:
10.1016/j.pcad.2013.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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