Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Sci Sleep. 2012 Dec 3;4:143-50. doi: 10.2147/NSS.S35797. Print 2012.

Associations of sleep disturbance and duration with metabolic risk factors in obese persons with type 2 diabetes: data from the Sleep AHEAD Study.

Author information

New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke's/Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA.



Some studies have found an association between sleep disturbances and metabolic risk, but none has examined this association in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between sleep disturbances and metabolic risk factors in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.


This study was a cross-sectional examination of the relationship between sleep parameters (apnea/hypopnea index [AHI], time spent in various sleep stages) and metabolic risk markers (fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, lipids) using baseline data of the Sleep AHEAD cohort. Subjects (n = 305) were participants in Sleep AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes), a four-center ancillary study of the Look AHEAD study, a 16-center clinical trial of overweight and obese participants with type 2 diabetes, designed to assess the long-term effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention on cardiovascular events. All participants underwent one night of in-home polysomnography and provided a fasting blood sample. Regression analyses estimated the relationship between sleep variables and metabolic risk factors. Models were adjusted for study center, age, sex, race/ethnicity, waist circumference, smoking, alcohol intake, diabetes duration, and relevant medications.


Of 60 associations tested, only one was significant: fasting glucose was associated with sleep efficiency (estimate -0.53 ± [standard error] 0.26, P = 0.041). No associations were found between any of the sleep variables and lipid profile or hemoglobin A1c.


The present data show only weak associations between select sleep variables and metabolic risk factors and do not provide strong support for a role of sleep on metabolic abnormalities in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.


diabetes; metabolic risk; obesity; obstructive sleep apnea; sleep

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Dove Medical Press Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center