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Infect Genet Evol. 2014 Jan;21:531-41. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.03.020. Epub 2013 Apr 22.

Staphylococcus aureus: determinants of human carriage.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway. Electronic address: johanna.e.sollid@uit.no.
2
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway; Department of Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital of North-Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
3
Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is a common human commensal but carriage varies between e.g. geographic location, age, gender, ethnicity and body niche. The nares, throat and perineum are the most prevalent sites for carriage in the general adult population. Other sites of the skin and the intestine are also frequently colonised. Thus, a successful establishment is dependent on multiple factors. This review describes results from observational studies of S. aureus carriage and the influence bacterial, host and environmental/modifiable factors might have on the relationship.

KEYWORDS:

Host and bacterial determinants for colonisation; Host–microbe interaction; Staphylococcus aureus carriage

PMID:
23619097
DOI:
10.1016/j.meegid.2013.03.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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