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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Sep 1;132(1-2):335-41. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.02.034. Epub 2013 Apr 22.

Catastrophic thinking and increased risk for prescription opioid misuse in patients with chronic pain.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Harvard Medical School, BWH Pain Management Center, 850 Boylston St., Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA. momartel.bwh.harvard@outlook.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

As a consequence of the substantial rise in the prescription of opioids for the treatment of chronic noncancer pain, greater attention has been paid to the factors that may be associated with an increased risk for prescription opioid misuse. Recently, a growing number of studies have shown that patients with high levels of catastrophizing are at increased risk for prescription opioid misuse.

OBJECTIVE:

The primary objective of this study was to examine the variables that might underlie the association between catastrophizing and risk for prescription opioid misuse in patients with chronic pain.

METHODS:

Patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain (n=115) were asked to complete the SOAPP-R, a validated self-report questionnaire designed to identify patients at risk for prescription opioid misuse. Patients were also asked to complete self-report measures of pain intensity, catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression.

RESULTS:

Consistent with previous research, we found that catastrophizing was associated with an increased risk for prescription opioid misuse. Results also revealed that the association between catastrophizing and risk for opioid misuse was partially mediated by patients' levels of anxiety. Follow-up analyses, however, indicated that catastrophizing remained a significant 'unique' predictor of risk for opioid misuse even when controlling for patients' levels of pain severity, anxiety and depressive symptoms.

DISCUSSION:

Discussion addresses the factors that might place patients with high levels of catastrophizing at increased risk for prescription opioid misuse. The implications of our findings for the management of patients considered for opioid therapy are also discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Catastrophizing; Chronic pain; Depression; Prescription opioid misuse

PMID:
23618767
PMCID:
PMC3745790
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.02.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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