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J Nutr. 2013 Jun;143(6):931-3. doi: 10.3945/jn.113.174813. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Does chocolate consumption really boost Nobel Award chances? The peril of over-interpreting correlations in health studies.

Author information

1
Psychological Science Research Institute, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium.

Abstract

A correlation observed between chocolate consumption and the number of Nobel laureates has recently led to the suggestion that consuming more chocolate would increase the number of laureates due to the beneficial effects of cocoa-flavanols on cognitive functioning. We demonstrate that this interpretation is disproved when other flavanol-rich nutriment consumption is considered. We also show the peril of over-interpreting correlations in nutrition and health research by reporting high correlations between the number of Nobel laureates and various other measures, whether cogently related or not. We end by discussing statistical alternatives that may overcome correlation shortcomings.

PMID:
23616517
DOI:
10.3945/jn.113.174813
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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