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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2013 Jul;19(7):687-92. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2013.03.011. Epub 2013 Apr 21.

Multicentre analysis of 178,992 type 2 diabetes patients revealed better metabolic control despite higher rates of hypertension, stroke, dementia and repeated inpatient care in patients with comorbid Parkinson's disease.

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University of Ulm, Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, ZIBMT, Albert-Einstein-Allee 41, 89081 Ulm, Germany.



Especially in older people, physicians are faced with the coexistence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Therefore, this research aimed to compare diabetes endpoints between T2DM with and without PD.


Based on the standardized, multicenter, prospective DPV database, 178,992 T2DM patients (≥40 years) were analyzed. 1579 were diagnosed with PD and/or received specific treatment. Hierarchical multivariable regression models were used for group comparisons; adjusted estimates based on observed marginal frequencies were calculated.


PD patients were significantly older (77.9 vs. 70.0 years; p < 0.0001) and had a longer diabetes duration (10.3 vs. 8.4 years; p < 0.0001). In young PD patients (<50 years), percentage of females was significantly higher compared to age-matched T2DM patients without PD or people of the German population (66.7 vs. 38.1 vs. 49.0%; p < 0.0001, p < 0.02). After demographic adjustment, T2DM patients with PD showed a significantly lower HbA1c (58.0 vs. 60.3 mmol/mol; p < 0.0001), OAD/GLP-1 treatment (41.9 vs. 45.9%; p < 0.01) and frequency of dyslipidemia (62.0 vs. 64.5%; p < 0.05). In contrast, rates of insulin therapy (57.8 vs. 54.8%; p < 0.05), hypertension (73.3 vs. 68.6%; p < 0.001), antihypertensive medication (60.4 vs. 56.1%; p < 0.01), stroke (12.0 vs. 7.3%; p < 0.0001), dementia (9.2 vs. 2.6%; p < 0.0001) and repeated inpatient care (15.7 vs. 12.0%; p < 0.0001) were significantly higher and duration of hospital stay (6.2 vs. 4.7 days; p < 0.0001) was significantly longer in T2DM with PD.


Clear demographic and clinical differences were observed between T2DM with and without PD. In PD patients, metabolic control is better, potentially due to more intensive medical care.

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