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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2013 Jul;19(7):687-92. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2013.03.011. Epub 2013 Apr 21.

Multicentre analysis of 178,992 type 2 diabetes patients revealed better metabolic control despite higher rates of hypertension, stroke, dementia and repeated inpatient care in patients with comorbid Parkinson's disease.

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1
University of Ulm, Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, ZIBMT, Albert-Einstein-Allee 41, 89081 Ulm, Germany. nicole.scheuing@uni-ulm.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Especially in older people, physicians are faced with the coexistence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Therefore, this research aimed to compare diabetes endpoints between T2DM with and without PD.

METHODS:

Based on the standardized, multicenter, prospective DPV database, 178,992 T2DM patients (≥40 years) were analyzed. 1579 were diagnosed with PD and/or received specific treatment. Hierarchical multivariable regression models were used for group comparisons; adjusted estimates based on observed marginal frequencies were calculated.

RESULTS:

PD patients were significantly older (77.9 vs. 70.0 years; p < 0.0001) and had a longer diabetes duration (10.3 vs. 8.4 years; p < 0.0001). In young PD patients (<50 years), percentage of females was significantly higher compared to age-matched T2DM patients without PD or people of the German population (66.7 vs. 38.1 vs. 49.0%; p < 0.0001, p < 0.02). After demographic adjustment, T2DM patients with PD showed a significantly lower HbA1c (58.0 vs. 60.3 mmol/mol; p < 0.0001), OAD/GLP-1 treatment (41.9 vs. 45.9%; p < 0.01) and frequency of dyslipidemia (62.0 vs. 64.5%; p < 0.05). In contrast, rates of insulin therapy (57.8 vs. 54.8%; p < 0.05), hypertension (73.3 vs. 68.6%; p < 0.001), antihypertensive medication (60.4 vs. 56.1%; p < 0.01), stroke (12.0 vs. 7.3%; p < 0.0001), dementia (9.2 vs. 2.6%; p < 0.0001) and repeated inpatient care (15.7 vs. 12.0%; p < 0.0001) were significantly higher and duration of hospital stay (6.2 vs. 4.7 days; p < 0.0001) was significantly longer in T2DM with PD.

CONCLUSION:

Clear demographic and clinical differences were observed between T2DM with and without PD. In PD patients, metabolic control is better, potentially due to more intensive medical care.

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