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Genes Immun. 2013 Jun;14(4):258-67. doi: 10.1038/gene.2013.21. Epub 2013 Apr 25.

Genetic control of HgCl2-induced IgE and autoimmunity by a 117-kb interval on rat chromosome 9 through CD4 CD45RChigh T cells.

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UMR Inserm, U1043, Toulouse, France.


Gold or mercury salts trigger a dramatic IgE response and a CD4 T-cell-dependent nephropathy in Brown-Norway (BN), but not in Lewis (LEW) rats. We previously identified the 1.1-Mb Iresp3 (immunoglobin response QTL3) locus on chromosome 9 that controls these gold salt-triggered immune disorders. In the present work, we investigated the genetic control of HgCl(2)-induced immunological disorders and assessed the relative contribution of the CD45RC(high) and CD45RC(low) CD4 T-cell subpopulations in this control. By using interval-specific congenic lines, we narrowed down Iresp3 locus to 117-kb and showed that BN rats congenic for the LEW 117-kb were protected from HgCl(2)-triggered IgE response and nephropathy. This 117-kb interval also controls CD45RC expression by CD4 T cells and the ability of CD45RC(high) CD4 T cells to trigger the autoimmune disorders resulting from HgCl(2) administration. This 117-kb region contains four genes, including Vav1, a strong candidate gene according to its cellular function and exclusive expression in hematopoietic cells. Thus, this study highlights the role of the CD45RC(high) CD4 T-cell subpopulation in the opposite susceptibility of BN and LEW rats to HgCl(2)-triggered immune disorders and identifies a 117-kb interval on chromosome 9 that has a key role in their functions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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