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Cancer Discov. 2013 Jul;3(7):742-50. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-13-0070. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Discovery of a novel ERK inhibitor with activity in models of acquired resistance to BRAF and MEK inhibitors.

Author information

1
Discovery Oncology Merck Research Laboratories, Merck Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey, USA.

Abstract

The high frequency of activating RAS or BRAF mutations in cancer provides strong rationale for targeting the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Selective BRAF and MAP-ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitors have shown clinical efficacy in patients with melanoma. However, the majority of responses are transient, and resistance is often associated with pathway reactivation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway. Here, we describe the identification and characterization of SCH772984, a novel and selective inhibitor of ERK1/2 that displays behaviors of both type I and type II kinase inhibitors. SCH772984 has nanomolar cellular potency in tumor cells with mutations in BRAF, NRAS, or KRAS and induces tumor regressions in xenograft models at tolerated doses. Importantly, SCH772984 effectively inhibited MAPK signaling and cell proliferation in BRAF or MEK inhibitor-resistant models as well as in tumor cells resistant to concurrent treatment with BRAF and MEK inhibitors. These data support the clinical development of ERK inhibitors for tumors refractory to MAPK inhibitors.

PMID:
23614898
DOI:
10.1158/2159-8290.CD-13-0070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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