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Exp Dermatol. 2013 May;22(5):371-4. doi: 10.1111/exd.12137.

Curcumin inhibits UVB-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1/3 expression by suppressing the MAPK-p38/JNK pathways in human dermal fibroblasts.


Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a polyphenol derived from turmeric (Curcuma longa), which is commonly used as a spice. Recent studies have shown that curcumin has a wide range of pharmacological activities, including anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic activities. However, the antiphotoageing effects of curcumin have yet to be characterized. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of curcumin on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 expression in human dermal fibroblast cells. Western blot analysis revealed that curcumin inhibited ultraviolet (UV) B-induced MMP-1 and MMP-3 expression. Furthermore, curcumin significantly blocked UVB-induced reactive oxygen species generation in fibroblasts. Curcumin treatment significantly blocked the UVB-induced activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and activator protein (AP)-1. Additionally, curcumin strongly repressed the UVB-induced phosphorylation of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. Curcumin prevented UVB-induced MMP expression through mitogen-activated protein kinase/NF-κB inhibition and AP-1 activation. In conclusion, curcumin may be useful for preventing and treating skin photoageing.

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