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Expert Opin Drug Discov. 2013 Jul;8(7):897-905. doi: 10.1517/17460441.2013.793668. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

The discovery and development of prasugrel.

Author information

1
China Pharmaceutical University, Center of Drug Discovery, College of Pharmacy, State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, 24 Tongjia Xiang, Nanjing 210009, China.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Prasugrel (CS-747, LY640315) is a third-generation thienopyridine, which gained approval by the FDA in 2009 for its use in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

AREAS COVERED:

This article focuses on the preclinical profile of prasugrel. Using published preclinical and clinical studies, the authors summarize the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacogenomics of prasugrel and their distinguishing features in efficacy and safety.

EXPERT OPINION:

Prasugrel has a more rapid, more potent antiplatelet effect with less interindividual response variability when compared to clopidogrel. Those therapeutic advantages are attributed to features of its chemical structure that favor the metabolic conversion of prasugrel to its active metabolite. However, the increased risk of bleeding has been associated with a greater antiplatelet effect and dosing profile; this is especially the case in those patients who are at a higher risk of bleeding complications. It is therefore important for an optimal dosing strategy of prasugrel to be identified to provide a formulation that has the best balance for efficacy and safety.

PMID:
23614463
DOI:
10.1517/17460441.2013.793668
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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