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Dis Colon Rectum. 1990 Jul;33(7):547-9.

Bleeding stomal varices. The role of local treatment.

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  • 1Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts 01805.


The authors reviewed their experience with 12 patients (median age, 38 years; range, 24 to 66 years) who had bleeding stomal varices. Stomal variceal bleeding occurred between 1 and 11 years (median, 5.5 years) after creation of the stoma. Control of bleeding initially consisted of direct pressure; recurrent bleeding occurred in one patient who died before definitive therapy could be performed. The remaining 11 patients underwent a total of 18 additional procedures for control of bleeding stomal varices, including 9 local procedures, 8 portosystemic shunts, and 1 liver transplantation. Seven patients were dead of hepatic failure a median of 4 years (range, 1 to 9 years) after treatment. Recurrent bleeding occurred in three patients after local treatment and in one patient after a portosystemic shunt. Bleeding stomal varices are a manifestation of severe liver disease and portal hypertension. Although local procedures may be effective for initial control of bleeding, recurrent bleeding often occurs. Mortality is high because of the severity of the underlying liver disease.

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