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J Telemed Telecare. 2013 Apr;19(3):127-132. Epub 2013 May 23.

A systematic review of telemedicine services for residents in long term care facilities.

Author information

1
Centre for Online Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia s.edirippulige@uq.edu.au.
2
Centre for Research in Geriatric Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
3
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
4
Centre for Online Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
5
Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

We conducted a systematic review of the literature on telemedicine use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) and assessed the quality of the published evidence. A database search identified 22 papers which met the inclusion criteria. The quality of the studies was assessed and if they contained economic data, they were rated according to standard criteria. The clinical services provided by telemedicine included allied health (n = 5), dermatology (3), general practice (4), neurology (2), geriatrics (1), psychiatry (4) and multiple specialities (3). Most studies (17) employed real-time telemedicine using videoconferencing. The remaining five used store and forward telemedicine. The papers focused on economics (3), feasibility (9), stakeholder satisfaction (12), reliability (5) and service implementation (2). Overall, the quality of evidence for telemedicine in LTCFs was low. There was only one small randomised controlled trial (RCT). Most studies were observational and qualitative, and focused on utilisation. They were mainly based on surveys and interviews of stakeholders. A few studies evaluated the cost associated with implementing telemedicine services in LTCFs. The present review shows that there is evidence for feasibility and stakeholder satisfaction in using telemedicine in LTCFs in a number of clinical specialities.

PMID:
23612520
DOI:
10.1177/1357633X13483256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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