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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 May 7;110(19):7586-91. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1217796110. Epub 2013 Apr 22.

Geometric control of vascular networks to enhance engineered tissue integration and function.

Author information

1
Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

Tissue vascularization and integration with host circulation remains a key barrier to the translation of engineered tissues into clinically relevant therapies. Here, we used a microtissue molding approach to demonstrate that constructs containing highly aligned "cords" of endothelial cells triggered the formation of new capillaries along the length of the patterned cords. These vessels became perfused with host blood as early as 3 d post implantation and became progressively more mature through 28 d. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the neovessels were composed of human and mouse endothelial cells and exhibited a mature phenotype, as indicated by the presence of alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive pericytes. Implantation of cords with a prescribed geometry demonstrated that they provided a template that defined the neovascular architecture in vivo. To explore the utility of this geometric control, we implanted primary rat and human hepatocyte constructs containing randomly organized endothelial networks vs. ordered cords. We found substantially enhanced hepatic survival and function in the constructs containing ordered cords following transplantation in mice. These findings demonstrate the importance of multicellular architecture in tissue integration and function, and our approach provides a unique strategy to engineer vascular architecture.

KEYWORDS:

angiogenesis; liver; regenerative medicine; tissue engineering; vascular biology

PMID:
23610423
PMCID:
PMC3651499
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1217796110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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