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Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2013 Jun;16(3):282-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2013.03.013. Epub 2013 Apr 19.

Root responses to flooding.

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Plant Developmental Biology and Plant Physiology, Kiel University, Am Botanischen Garten 5, 24118 Kiel, Germany.


Soil water-logging and submergence pose a severe threat to plants. Roots are most prone to flooding and the first to suffer from oxygen shortage. Roots are vital for plant function, however, and maintenance of a functional root system upon flooding is essential. Flooding-resistant plants possess a number of adaptations that help maintain oxygen supply to the root. Plants are also capable of initiating organogenesis to replace their original root system with adventitious roots if oxygen supply becomes impossible. This review summarizes current findings on root development and de novo root genesis in response to flooding.

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