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Hepatol Res. 2014 Mar;44(3):349-53. doi: 10.1111/hepr.12126. Epub 2013 Apr 29.

Association between dental infections and the clinical course of chronic liver disease.

Author information

1
Transplantation and Liver Surgery Clinic, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

AIM:

Dental infections are implicated in several systemic diseases due to bacteremia and pro-inflammatory effects, but their possible role in liver disease is unclear.

METHODS:

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical course of liver disease in relation to dental health among 116 patients with liver cirrhosis who underwent dental examination before liver transplantation.

RESULTS:

The need for multiple tooth extractions, a surrogate marker of dental infections, was associated with reduced time from diagnosis of liver disease to the need for liver transplantation (P = 0.02). The association was independent of age, sex, liver disease etiology and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score (P = 0.04). Among 38 patients with accurate laboratory follow-up data, the number of tooth extractions correlated with the change in MELD score during the year preceding dental examination (r = 0.43, P = 0.03). Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis caused by Streptococcus viridans occurred only among patients with multiple dental infections.

CONCLUSION:

Dental infections may influence the clinical course of liver disease, but prospective studies are needed.

KEYWORDS:

endotoxemia; liver fibrosis; oral health; periodontitis

PMID:
23607641
DOI:
10.1111/hepr.12126

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