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Mycotoxin Res. 1999 Jun;15(2):50-60. doi: 10.1007/BF02945215.

Studies on extraction of fumonisins from rice, corn-based foods and beans.

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Health Canada, Address Locator 2203D, K1A 0L2, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


Different solvent mixtures were examined for extraction of fumonisins from various naturally contaminated and spiked foods and foodstuffs: rough rice, retail rice, rice flour, white corn flour, corn meal, corn starch, corn flakes, tortilla/corn chips, white bean flour, white beans, mung beans, adzuki beans and infant cereals. Most of the naturally contaminated samples were analyzed using the extraction solvent mixtures methanol-acetonitrile-water (25:25:50) (solvent A) and methanol-water (75:25 or 80:20) (solvents B, BB); some were extracted with 0.1 M sodium hydrogen phosphate-acetonitrile (1:1, adjusted to pH 3.0 with o-phosphoric acid) (solvent C) and methanol-0.025 M borate buffer (3:1, adjusted to pH 9.2 with 1 N sodium hydroxide) (solvent D). A 1-ml SAX solid phase extraction column was used for the cleanup in all cases except for infant cereals, for which immunoaffinity chromatography was used; fumonisin concentrations were determined by liquid chromatography.Solvent A gave slightly better extraction of fumonisins from one of two samples of naturally contaminated rough rice than solvent B (fumonisin B1: 4080 ng/g versus 3150 ng/g; fumonisin B2:1100 ng/ g versus 922 ng/g) and much better extraction than solvent C (1210 ng/g fumonisin B1 and 315 ng/g fumonisin B2) or solvent D (372 ng/ g fumonisin B1 and 191 ng/g fumonisin B2). However, spike recoveries on a similar rice naturally contaminated at a lower level were only in the 43-53% range (solvent A). Recovery of fumonisins was very poor from spiked white rice flour but satisfactory from other rice foods.Solvent A similarly gave slightly better extraction of fumonisins from a sample of naturally contaminated white corn flour than solvent B (fumonisin B1 1260 ng/g versus 931 ng/g; fumonisin B2: 511 ng/g versus 447 ng/g ) and better extraction than solvents C and D. Solvent A was also a better solvent for extraction of fumonisins from naturally contaminated tortilla chips and infant cereals. Study of naturally contaminated corn starch was confounded by instability of fumonisins in this food. Recovery of fumonisins from spiked corn meal, tortilla chips, corn flakes, various types of beans and infant cereals with solvent A and/or solvent B (or BB) was satisfactory.

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