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Lasers Med Sci. 2014 Jan;29(1):213-20. doi: 10.1007/s10103-013-1308-3. Epub 2013 Apr 19.

Histomorphometrical and radiological comparison of low-level laser therapy effects on distraction osteogenesis: experimental study.

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1
Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kocaeli University, Yuvacik Campus P.C, 41900, Basiskele, Kocaeli, Turkey, bahadirkan@gmail.com.

Abstract

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is the application of traction to the callus formed between bone segments and stimulation of bone formation by creating stress on the callus with this traction. Shorten the duration of DO and increasing the capacity of bone formation is important to prevent the possible complications of DO. For this reason, it was considered that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) may affect positively DO and it can decrease the complication range by shortening the period. Unilateral mandibular distractors were applied on 16 female white New Zealand rabbit to prove this hypothesis with micro CT, plain radiograph and histomorphometric analyses. Eight rabbits were applied LLLT with GaAlAs laser on the distraction area during the distraction period. On the post-distraction 28th day, four rabbits from study group and four rabbits from control groups were sacrificed. The rest of the rabbits were sacrificed on post-distraction 56th day. As a result of this study, significant positive effects of LLLT on post-distraction 28th day were revealed with all analyses. In histomorphometrical analyses, new bone formation was significantly higher in short-term laser applied group comparing to that of short-term control group (p = 0.029). In both microCT and plain radiograph, the highest radioopacity values were observed in short-term laser group when compared with that of the controls (p = 0.043 and p = 0.025, respectively). Even though LLLT increased the healing capacity on short-term, it was not sufficient on long-term (post-distraction 56th day) healing. LLLT application on distraction period, activate healing on bone so it may decrease DO period. The result of this study should be supported with clinical studies and the most effective laser source, dose and application time should be revealed with experimental and clinical studies.

PMID:
23604845
DOI:
10.1007/s10103-013-1308-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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