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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013 Jul;97(13):5711-20. doi: 10.1007/s00253-013-4880-3. Epub 2013 Apr 21.

Creation of endoglucanase-secreting Streptomyces lividans for enzyme production using cellulose as the carbon source.

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Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.


We screened for high-activity endoglucanase (EG) as a first step toward the creation of cellulose-assimilating Streptomyces lividans transformants. EGs derived from Thermobifida fusca YX, Tfu0901, and S. lividans, cellulase B (CelB), were successfully expressed. Genes encoding Tfu0901 or CelB were introduced into S. lividans using the integrative vector pTYM18 and the high-copy-number vector pUC702, and EG activity was detected in the supernatant of each transformant. To achieve coexpression of EG and transglutaminase, the transglutaminase gene was introduced into EG-secreting S. lividans using pUC702. S. lividans coexpressing EG and transglutaminase effectively assimilated phosphoric acid swollen cellulose. The yield of Streptomyces cinnamoneus transglutaminase in the culture supernatant was 7.2 mg/L, which was 18 times higher than that of the control strain. To demonstrate the versatility of our system, we also created an EG-producing S. lividans transformant capable of coexpressing endoxylanase. The EG-secreting S. lividans transformants constructed here can be used to produce other useful compounds through cellulose fermentation.

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