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Acta Trop. 2013 Aug;127(2):82-6. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.04.006. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Anti-inflammatory BmAFI of Brugia malayi modulates IgE, histamine and histamine receptor responses in Mastomys coucha.

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1
Division of Parasitology, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226001, India.

Abstract

We recently reported that BmAFI, an anti-inflammatory fraction of Brugia malayi adult worm supports parasite development in the hostile peritoneal cavity (p.c.) of Mastomys coucha through a modified Th2 type of response that includes IL-13 and IgE response and anti-inflammatory IL-10 cytokine milieu. In the present study we investigated IgE related responses such as histamine release and modulation of histamine receptors 1 and 2 (HR1 and HR2) by presensitization with BmAFI of M. coucha infected with B. malayi. Sensitization with BmAFI alone enhanced IgE, histamine and HR2, but decreased HR1. Exposure of these animals to infection produced an IgE response that was inversely related to the parasite burden, and decreased histamine conc., and HR1 and HR2 expression. However, there was an early small increase in HR1 expression for a short period after exposure to infection. As expected, BmAFI sensitization supported parasite survival and development in the hostile p.c. of the host. These findings further establish that BmAFI decreases inflammatory/Th1 response and modulates Th2 responses to favour survival and development of the parasite in the hostile p.c. of the host and that IgE and histamine play an important role in this.

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